2. Police Shotgun - Pretty much every police car comes equipped with a standard 12 gauge shotgun, which is primarily used for close combat against armed criminals. Police officers use buckshot in the magazine, which is useful for close-range combat and have slugs on their equipment belt, which is typically used for distances greater than 20 yards. Police officers also have a type of shotgun that fires bean bags, which is sometimes used when deadly force isn't a necessary option.
3. Police Handcuffs - These are probably the most utilized item of all the police equipment and they do a good job at preventing additional injuries to criminals, as well as police officers. Police handcuffs are quite strong and are more difficult to pick the lock than generic hanfcuffs, which can cost anywhere from $10-30. Most police officers carry 2-3 pairs on their belts so they can apprehend multiple perpetrators when they are alone, which isn't very often unless they are patrolling unpopulated or rural areas.
4. Police Bulletproof Vest - Probably one of the most important (if not the most important) pieces of police equipment an officer will ever use is his bulletproof vest. Most police officers use soft bulletproof vests (which are less noticeable) as part of their standard equipment. This type of armor can protect against most pistols, shotguns, rifles, knives, arrows, & small explosions, although it still does not prevent any blunt force trauma which ensues after being struck by a bullet.
5. Police Tazer Gun - The police stun gun is one of the newer pieces of police equipment that is starting to be used more often. The nice thing about these tazer guns is that they are effective at neutralizing a suspect while still being able to cause little to no harm at all. A typical police tazer gun can travel approximately 15 feet and penetrate through most articles of clothing while still inflicting 50,000 volts, enough to temporarily leave the victim incapacitated so an officer can make the arrest.
6. Police Baton - The police baton is one of the oldest pieces of police equipment that is still widely used today in most countries. Police officers mainly use their batons to control and disperse non-compliant people, particularly in large crowds which arise after popular sportings events. Police batons are also effective for defending against people who are unarmed yet still aggressive, as well as breaking down doors and windows to help trapped victims where danger is imminent.
7. Police Flashlight - While there is no mandatory flashlight that police officers must use, most carry at least one with them at all times. Some choose to use the big stinger-type flashlights which are rather large and heavy (good for self-defense), while others prefer the smaller but mighty Surefire or Fenix flashlights, which can still put out a radiant 200+ lumens. These smaller flashlights can also can be connected to their pistols and become quite useful during the night.
8. Police Knife - Most police officers rarely use knives and some police departments don't even allow officers to use them due to the risk factors of having it fall into the hands of a criminal. However, there are lots of police officers who do carry knives with them because they can be quite useful when it comes to rescuing stranded victims of automobile accidents. Other police officers prefer to carry the leatherman-type knives which offer a more complete set of tools.